Afghanistan

afghanistan

Where is Afghanistan located in the world?

At 652,230 km2 (251,830 sq mi), Afghanistan is the worlds 41st largest country, slightly bigger than France and smaller than Burma, about the size of Texas in the United States. It borders Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and China in the far east.

What is the official name of Afghanistan?

Afghanistan ( / æfˈɡænɪstæn, æfˈɡɑːnɪstɑːn / ( listen); Pashto / Dari: افغانستان, Pashto: Afġānistān [avɣɒnisˈtɒn, ab-], Dari: Afġānestān [avɣɒnesˈtɒn] ), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country in Asia.

What is the history of Afghanistan?

The modern state of Afghanistan began with the Durrani dynasty in the 18th century, the empire at its peak ruling an area from eastern Iran to northern India. Following its fall, smaller independent kingdoms of Herat, Kandahar and Kabul existed before being reunited in the 19th century.

What is the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan?

In late September 1996, the Taliban, in control of Kabul and most of Afghanistan, proclaimed the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.

What is the relative location of Afghanistan?

/  33.000°N 65.000°E  / 33.000; 65.000 Afghanistan is a landlocked mountainous country located at the crossroads of Central and South Asia. It is also sometimes included as part of the Middle East. The country is the 40th largest in the world in size.

What are the key facts of Afghanistan?

The country is a landlocked country. It shares its borders with Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan to the north, Iran to west, Pakistan to the southeast, India and China to the northeast. The major cities in Afghanistan are Kabul (capital), Kunduz, Bamiyan and Balkh.

Is Afghanistan part of the Middle East?

Known officially as the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, this country is commonly mistaken as being part of the Middle East. Though this is a misconception, Afghanistan is near the Middle Eastern Region of the world. As a country surrounded by land in all directions, Afghanistan shares borders with six other countries.

Which countries border Afghanistan?

It is bordered by six nations – by Pakistan in the east and south; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north and China in the northeast. Afghanistan Bordering Countries : Iran, Turkmenistan, China, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan.

When was the first recorded history of Afghanistan?

History of Afghanistan. The written recorded history of the land presently constituting Afghanistan can be traced back to around 500 BCE when the area was under the Achaemenid Empire, although evidence indicates that an advanced degree of urbanized culture has existed in the land since between 3000 and 2000 BCE.

How did the history of Afghanistan change over the years?

The Arab invasions influenced the culture of Afghanistan, and its pre-Islamic period of Zoroastrian, Macedonian, Buddhist and Hindu past has long vanished. Mirwais Hotak followed by Ahmad Shah Durrani unified Afghan tribes and founded the last Afghan Empire in the early 18th century CE.

What is the significance of Afghanistan?

Afghanistan (meaning land of the Afghans) has been a strategically important location throughout history. The land served as a gateway to India, impinging on the ancient Silk Road, which carried trade from the Mediterranean to China.

Where does the name Afghanistan come from?

The earliest mention of the name Afghan (Abgan) is to be found in a Sasanid inscription from the third century AD, and it appears in India in the form of Avagana... ^ History of Afghanistan. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Version. Retrieved 2010-11-03.

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