Alba iulia

alba iulia

What does Alba Iulia stand for?

The current name, Alba Iulia, is a Romanian language translation of this. Alba, the Romanian feminine form of the word for White, and Iulia (Julius) referring to Gyula, a mid-tenth-century Hungarian warlord who was baptized in Constantinople. Among Ruthenians, the city was known as Bilhorod (white city).

Why is Alba Iulia the capital of Romania?

At one point it also was a center of Eastern Orthodox Metropolitan of Transylvania with suffragan to Vad diocese. Alba Iulia is historically important for Romanians, Hungarians, and Transylvanian Saxons. In December 2018, Alba Iulia was officially declared Capital of the Great Union of Romania.

What was the population of Alba Iulia in 1850?

In 1850 Alba Iulia had 5,408 inhabitants, 2,530 of them being Romanians, 1,009 Hungarians, 748 Germans and 1,121 others. In 1891, the city had 8,167 residents, of which 3,482 were Hungarians (42.63%), 3,426 Romanians (41.94%) and 867 Germans (10.62%).

What does Alba mean in Romanian?

Alba, the Romanian feminine form of the word for White, and Iulia (Julius) referring to Gyula, a mid-tenth-century Hungarian warlord who was baptized in Constantinople. Among Ruthenians, the city was known as Bilhorod (white city).

What is Alba Iulia?

Alba Iulia was the seat of residence of the princes of Transylvania in the 16 th and 17 th centuries; for several centuries it was administered by Hungary but was incorporated into Romania after World War I. The Jews there, originally Sephardim, benefited from the patronage of the princes of Transylvania.

What does Alba mean in Romanian?

Alba, the Romanian feminine form of the word for White, and Iulia (Julius) referring to Gyula, a mid-tenth-century Hungarian warlord who was baptized in Constantinople. Among Ruthenians, the city was known as Bilhorod (white city).

What was the population of Alba Iulia in 1850?

In 1850 Alba Iulia had 5,408 inhabitants, 2,530 of them being Romanians, 1,009 Hungarians, 748 Germans and 1,121 others. In 1891, the city had 8,167 residents, of which 3,482 were Hungarians (42.63%), 3,426 Romanians (41.94%) and 867 Germans (10.62%).

Why is Alba Iulia the capital of Romania?

At one point it also was a center of Eastern Orthodox Metropolitan of Transylvania with suffragan to Vad diocese. Alba Iulia is historically important for Romanians, Hungarians, and Transylvanian Saxons. In December 2018, Alba Iulia was officially declared Capital of the Great Union of Romania.

Is there a Jewish newspaper in Alba Iulia?

A Jewish newspaper, the Siebenbuerger Israelit, was published in 1883 for a short time. In the 17 th century there were about 100 Jews living in Alba Iulia; in 1754, 54 taxpayers; in 1891, 1,357 persons; in 1910, 1,586 (out of a total population of 11,616); in 1920, 1,770 (out of 9,645); and in 1930, 1,558 (out of 12,282).

What is the history of Alba Iulia?

Alba Iulia became part of the Habsburg Monarchy in 1690. The fortress Alba Carolina, designed by architect Giovanni Morando Visconti, was built between 1716 and 1735, at the behest of Emperor Charles VI of Habsburg.

Why is Alba Iulia the capital of Romania?

At one point it also was a center of Eastern Orthodox Metropolitan of Transylvania with suffragan to Vad diocese. Alba Iulia is historically important for Romanians, Hungarians, and Transylvanian Saxons. In December 2018, Alba Iulia was officially declared Capital of the Great Union of Romania.

What happened at Alba Iulia in 1918?

It was at Alba Iulia that the union of Transylvania with Romania was pronounced on Dec. 1, 1918; Romania’s King Ferdinand and Queen Marie were crowned in the Orthodox cathedral in 1922.

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