Alhambra

alhambra

What is the meaning of Alhambra?

The Alhambra ( / ælˈhæmbrə / ( listen), Spanish: [aˈlambɾa]; Arabic: الْحَمْرَاء ‎, romanized : Al-Ḥamrāʾ, pronounced [alħamˈraːʔ], lit. The Red One) is a palace and fortress complex located in Granada, Andalusia, Spain.

What is the Alhambra in Granada?

The plateau upon which it was built overlooks the Albaicín (Albayzin) quarter of Granada’s Moorish old city. At the base of the plateau, the Darro River flows through a deep ravine on the north. The park outside the palace (Alameda de la Alhambra) was planted by the Moors with roses, oranges, and myrtles.

Who built the Alhambra in Spain?

AlhambraOverview of the Alhambra, Granada, Spain.Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Constructed on a plateau that overlooks the city of Granada, the Alhambra was built chiefly between 1238 and 1358, in the reigns of Ibn al-Aḥmar, founder of the Naṣrid dynasty, and his successors.

Why is the Alhambra a World Heritage Site?

In 1984, the Alhambra was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site along with two other related sites: the Albaicín (or Albayzín) and the Generalife Garden. The Alhambra is located west of the city of Granada on the Sabika hill—a strategic vantage point that provides views of the whole city of Granada and the plain (vega) of Granada.

Why is it called the Alhambra?

Alhambra, palace and fortress of the Moorish monarchs of Granada, Spain. The name Alhambra, signifying in Arabic “the red,” is probably derived from the reddish colour of the tapia (rammed earth) of which the outer walls were built. The Alhambra, Granada, Spain. Alhambra, Spain, designated a World Heritage site in 1984.

Where is the Alhambra located in Spain?

Granada: AlhambraOverview of the Alhambra, Granada, Spain.Contunico © ZDF Enterprises GmbH, Mainz. Alhambra, palace and fortress of the Moorish monarchs of Granada, Spain. The name Alhambra, signifying in Arabic “the red,” is probably derived from the reddish colour of the tapia (rammed earth) of which the outer walls were built.

What are the characteristics of the Alhambra?

The palace and the Upper Alhambra also contain baths, rows of bedrooms and summer-rooms, a whispering gallery and labyrinth, and vaulted sepulchres. Of the outlying buildings connected to the Alhambra, the foremost in interest is the Palacio de Generalife (the Arabic Jennat al Arif, Garden of Arif, or Garden of the Architect).

When was the Alhambra built?

See all videos for this article Constructed on a plateau that overlooks the city of Granada, the Alhambra was built chiefly between 1238 and 1358, in the reigns of Ibn al-Aḥmar, founder of the Naṣrid dynasty, and his successors. The splendid decorations of the interior are ascribed to Yūsuf I (died 1354).

Who was the first person to build Alhambra?

Born in Spain about A.D. 1194, Mohammad I is considered the first occupant and initial builder of Alhambra. He was the founder of the Nasrid Dynasty, the last Muslim ruling family in Spain. The Nasrid period of art and architecture dominated southern Spain from about 1232 until 1492.

What was the Alhambra in Spain?

in Spain in the Alhambra palace complex at Granada. The hill site of the Alhambra had been occupied by a citadel and possibly by a palace since the 11th century, but little of those earlier constructions has remained.

When were the Alhambra palaces built?

Alhambra palaces were built during the Reconquista, an era of Spains history generally considered between 718 and 1492.

What did Charles V of Spain do to the Alhambra?

Charles V, who ruled Spain as Charles I, ordered the destruction of part of the complex to build a Renaissance-style palace for himself, called the Charles V Palace. He built other structures as well, including the Emperor’s Chambers, the Queen’s Dressing Room, and a church to replace Alhambra’s mosque.

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