Alba iulia

alba iulia

What is Alba Iulia?

Alba Iulia was the seat of residence of the princes of Transylvania in the 16 th and 17 th centuries; for several centuries it was administered by Hungary but was incorporated into Romania after World War I. The Jews there, originally Sephardim, benefited from the patronage of the princes of Transylvania.

Why is Alba Iulia the capital of Romania?

At one point it also was a center of Eastern Orthodox Metropolitan of Transylvania with suffragan to Vad diocese. Alba Iulia is historically important for Romanians, Hungarians, and Transylvanian Saxons. In December 2018, Alba Iulia was officially declared Capital of the Great Union of Romania.

What was the population of Alba Iulia in 1850?

In 1850 Alba Iulia had 5,408 inhabitants, 2,530 of them being Romanians, 1,009 Hungarians, 748 Germans and 1,121 others. In 1891, the city had 8,167 residents, of which 3,482 were Hungarians (42.63%), 3,426 Romanians (41.94%) and 867 Germans (10.62%).

Is there a Jewish newspaper in Alba Iulia?

A Jewish newspaper, the Siebenbuerger Israelit, was published in 1883 for a short time. In the 17 th century there were about 100 Jews living in Alba Iulia; in 1754, 54 taxpayers; in 1891, 1,357 persons; in 1910, 1,586 (out of a total population of 11,616); in 1920, 1,770 (out of 9,645); and in 1930, 1,558 (out of 12,282).

What does Alba Iulia stand for?

The current name, Alba Iulia, is a Romanian language translation of this. Alba, the Romanian feminine form of the word for White, and Iulia (Julius) referring to Gyula, a mid-tenth-century Hungarian warlord who was baptized in Constantinople. Among Ruthenians, the city was known as Bilhorod (white city).

Where is Alba Iulia located in Romania?

Alba Iulia. Written By: Alba Iulia, German Karlsburg, Hungarian Gyulafehérvár, city, capital of Alba judeƫ (county), west-central Romania. It lies along the Mureş River, 170 miles (270 km) northwest of Bucharest. One of the oldest settlements in Romania, the site was selected by the Romans for a military camp.

What happened to the Jews of Alba Iulia?

By 1930, the 1558 Jews of Alba Iulia represented nearly 13% of the towns population. In October 1940, during the National Legionary State, the Iron Guard terrorized local Jews. The following year, the Ion Antonescu regime confiscated Jewish property and sent the men to forced labor.

What is inside the fortress of Alba Iulia?

Inside the fortress are The Union Hall with the National Honour Gallery, The National History Museum of Unification, the Princely Palace (Voivodal Palace), the Orthodox cathedral, the Roman Catholic cathedral, the Batthyaneum Library, the Roman Catholic bishops palace, the Apor Palace, and the University of Alba Iulia.

What is Alba Iulia?

Alba Iulia was the seat of residence of the princes of Transylvania in the 16 th and 17 th centuries; for several centuries it was administered by Hungary but was incorporated into Romania after World War I. The Jews there, originally Sephardim, benefited from the patronage of the princes of Transylvania.

What are some historical events in Alba Iulia?

The leaders of the Transylvanian peasant rebellion were executed in Alba Iulia in January 1785. Important milestones in the citys development include the creation of the Batthyaneum Library in 1780 and the arrival of the railway in the 19th century.

Is there a Jewish newspaper in Alba Iulia?

A Jewish newspaper, the Siebenbuerger Israelit, was published in 1883 for a short time. In the 17 th century there were about 100 Jews living in Alba Iulia; in 1754, 54 taxpayers; in 1891, 1,357 persons; in 1910, 1,586 (out of a total population of 11,616); in 1920, 1,770 (out of 9,645); and in 1930, 1,558 (out of 12,282).

How did Alba Iulia become part of the Habsburg Monarchy?

In 1600 he gained control of Moldavia, uniting the principalities of Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania under his rule, which lasted for a year and a half until he was murdered in 1601, by General Giorgio Basta s agents. Alba Iulia became part of the Habsburg Monarchy in 1690.

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