Who was Mikhail Gorbachev?
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev was a Soviet official who served as general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) from 1985 to 1991 and as president of the Soviet Union from 1990 to 1991.
What is the meaning of Gorbachev?
In this Eastern Slavic naming convention, the patronymic is Sergeyevich and the family name is Gorbachev. Gorbachev redirects here. For other people with the surname, see Gorbachev (surname). Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (born 2 March 1931) is a Russian and former Soviet politician.
What happened to the Supreme Soviet under Gorbachev?
The Russian Supreme Soviet was now out of Gorbachevs control; in June 1990, it declared that in the Russian Republic, its laws took precedence over those of the Soviet central government.
How did Raisa Gorbacheva die?
Raisa Maximovna Gorbacheva, his wife, was a Russian activist who worked to preserve Russian cultural heritage, encourage new knowledge, and raise awareness about children’s blood malignancies. She died on September 20, 1999, from leukaemia complications.
What happened to Mikhail Gorbachev after he became president?
Mikhail Gorbachev announces that he is resigning as president of the Soviet Union. In truth, there was not much of a Soviet Union from which to resign—just four days earlier, 11 of the former Soviet republics had established the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), effectively dismembering the USSR.
What did Gorbachev do to preserve the USSR?
While Gorbachev desperately tried to negotiate a new “union treaty” between the republics to preserve the USSR, he faced stiff resistance from his arch-rival, Russian Federation leader Boris Yeltsin, who was eager to take over the Kremlin and had backing from other independent-minded heads of Soviet republics.
What did Mikhail Gorbachev say about the Brezhnev Doctrine?
Gorbachev rejected the Brezhnev Doctrine , the idea that the Soviet Union had the right to intervene militarily in other Marxist–Leninist countries if their governments were threatened. In December 1987 he announced the withdrawal of 500,000 Soviet troops from Central and Eastern Europe.
What was the Supreme Soviet in the Soviet Union?
Supreme Soviet. The Supreme Soviet (Russian: Верховный Совет, Verkhovny Sovet, English: literally Supreme Council) was the common name for the legislative bodies (parliaments) of the Soviet socialist republics (SSR) in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).